Dr. Vinod Gautam
Scoliosis is that the curvature of spine on the perimeters largely occurring throughout the expansion of the kid. There will be several reasons for spinal curvature, which may be classified into:
Congenital scoliosis is the scoliosis present by birth due to embryonic malformation of one or more vertebrae and can occur at any location of the spine. Since scoliosis is present by birth, it is diagnosed early in life.
Neuromuscular scoliosis is because of any neurological or muscular disease like cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy or spina bifida. Neuromuscular scoliosis generally progresses very rapidly and needs surgery.
When the exact cause of scoliosis is not known, it is ascribed as idiopathic. It accounts for 80% of all known cases of scoliosis and is usually detected during puberty.
Most cases of scoliosis are mild and do not require any surgery. However, some children develop deformities that continue to get severe as they grow which can be disabling. Severe spinal curve can reduce the amount of space within the chest making lung functioning difficult.